A vtomobil survived this accident in the history – some not very knowledgeable people to sell it as an ordinary shabby foreign car with minimal residual resource. Other no less ignorant people stumbled upon its sale ads in search workhorse for the office. In fact, I am going to buy trips to something like an old Tavria, but a ridiculous price and impressive appearance of an unknown Toyota baffled.
Exclusive old lady decided to buy for just her "podmarafetit" and go to business meetings – felt that such an unusual vehicles will have business partners in more tractability … The fact that the concept of "podmarafetit" in the end will result in a three-year work involving several teams of professionals, at first no one could not assume.
Immediately after the purchase of a happy owner of the newly created waited several discoveries. Thus, it was found that belonging to the mass "toyotovskoy" line – Corolla – still does not promise the availability of spare parts. Worse, it turned out that the model in this body – one of the short-run in the history of the brand, as produced just two years (1977-1979 gg.). And it was sold mainly for the seven seas – in America, Australia, Canada, although some things have settled in Europe. Finally, the car was rear-wheel drive, but still dependent on a spring rear suspension! In combination with the front McPherson'om it looks a bit strange, but only for those who do not know that spring – one of the most efficient types of rear suspension.
Research Machines in nature combined with historical digressions: what a miracle is, in fact, we have gained? This liftbek with factory index KE-50 was produced at a time when automakers could afford very broad lineups. Then the compact Corolla was produced already in the third generation (1974-1981 gg.), Who was represented by two types of sedans (two and four-door), two universals (three and five-door), van, two-door coupe and hardtop coupe, and finally , a three-door liftbek.
By the way, trehdverka Corolla Liftback was not a hatchback, namely liftbek – long as the sedan, the rear overhang. In 1979 – 1981 years. of the third series of models were produced in parallel with the new machine, the fourth generation (1979 – 1984 gg.) – were the Corolla at the then market is so demand. In fairness it must be said that it is not only the great qualities of this model, but also in the global fuel crisis that committed atrocities in that period, and fueled the demand for fuel-efficient vehicles. The lion's share of sales in Corolla then did the US market, because Americans have just tasted the quality, efficiency and the level of equipment of Japanese compact models.
This "transatlantic orientation» KE-50 has gained the present owner's great in our XXI century. That the Americans and Australians, who have decades of tradition to keep stocks of parts, our restorers were able to get hold of the necessary spare parts. Availability of spare parts for such an old, less common and is not a cult car, a KE-50, is also due to the fact that almost all these models in 1974 – 1984's intersected with each other on the engine, suspension and transmission assemblies.
And in our time under the hood of this beautiful turquoise (but then it was red) showed little in appearance carbureted engine that "toyotovskie" experts identified as 2K – 0.98-liter unit capacity of 45 "horses". Clearly non-native, because liftbek put only two units – 1.2-liter and 1.6 liters.
Fighting for authenticity
An important task for the new owner of the Toyota Corolla KE50 was wrestling with himself – knowing comrades began to persuade him to keep the authenticity of the vehicle. Initially, of course, I had the idea to "pump" the car – to establish a more powerful engine, more modern brakes, wheels prettier and more interesting than anything in the transmission. But the forces of good have won: it was decided to keep the machine in stock. Therefore, the engine was found native 3K-H – row carburetor four modest volume of 1.2 liters and 56 liters. from.
Transmission is chosen too regular, four-manual – although it was ordered "pyatistupka" from which still decided to give up.
It is also very much like to put the rear axle with limited-slip differential on the cult among drifters "Hachiroku» AE86 – Toyota Corolla Levin. But this improvement was also itching to successfully overcome and the car stayed with native back beam and its staff filled.
It inspires confidence
Getting it leaves an interesting impression. According KE50 is seen that while the Japanese have learned to make neat and modern, if not to say, fashion, cars. No wonder this version in the back liftbek Corolla was the first to go on sale in Europe (it is for the European – French – advertising leaflets detailing restorers refined finishes and painted engine).
All that nowhere inspires trust – a solid, thorough, extensive, impressive. Door handle – powerful cast in chrome chairs – large, plump padded, switches to a major step and a clear fixation, huge soft torpedo with six vents, spacious lounge, wooden – yes, that's right! – Steering wheel, and finally the real "fat" – the door without window frames … And this mass car C-Class!
Even with the very founder of the VW Golf I class this technological splendor, is an unforgivable extravagance once even uncomfortable to compare. The "German", of course, also the items they stagger, but some are small toy, and fight for the savings of German designers is visible even in the light of forty years.
I do not know for what reasons attribute that impressed me the fact that in the manual factory Corolla KE50 have separate pages devoted to the self-service car – and it's at the end of "the seventies"! Moreover, in this section referred to not only the liquid refilling in the washer tank.
The extra horses
The door is big and heavy, go down in the seat – on !, another greeting from the "seventies" – chairs low, almost at the floor, and the ceiling is also not minivenovski. Owner boasted his European car interior, and therefore the seat, despite the "anatomic" in the terminology of those years form, and can be expanded to form a smooth, without steps, a bed for the night. You see, then, not only our Moskvitch 408 could thus boast.
Luxury steering wheel with wooden rim – in fact native, "korollovsky", is one of the two versions, designed for Europe and was even a pair of "bagels" models for America and Japan. Ignition switch on the right, above the ordinary, above it a separate release button steering.
rough engine plant – estimate, compared with anything else, and I understand that even our 1.2-liter "cents" this process looks neater. But Toyota gets under way from a place much faster than promised passport 56 horsepower and 83 Newton meters. Acoustic support meets all previously received impressions – in the car, rather quiet than noisy.
The engine, as well as when setting off on the move sounds more impressive than can be expected on the volume of 1.2 liters, but in all the nuances in the cabin begins to be heard after only 3 000 r / min. Teams accelerator engine performs willingly, but only within the urban speeds. On the highway, when approaching 100 km / h, the car is predictable activity decreases, but instead there is another plus. According to measurements owner liftbek appetite for country route in reality it leaves about 6.5 l / 100 km, which is even less than the nameplate data. Corolla modest appetite c noted this motor and users at the time of its relevance.
No power-steering, the steering gear unit pinion and classic rear-wheel drive vehicles for the worm type. Thus, the "bagel" though not the easiest, but even on rough road wheel is comfortable, without reverse shock and unpleasant emptiness. The same "porodistost" felt when working with pedals. I remember the brakes, which behave like "cars are" typical for this class of 1967-1980-x: unsharp, but predictable, confident.
Roughly the same can be characterized and work backstage four-box – the same netepereshnyaya roughness and the same confidence. Selectivity is good, the arm moves, though not like our "Zhigulevskaya-fiatovskoy" classics, but still small. In short, it turns out, the third generation Corolla Japanese have learned to implement given the perception of the quality of the car.
Running solidly middle order fulfills bumps and shakes at large. Dependent suspension tailgate in sharp turns showing their spring essence stern twitch. The elongated leaf springs in soft Corolla, but the earrings are long enough to bridge diverted to the outside of the turn.
The owner says that this effect is expected less noticeable when the car is loaded. General comfort, high profile tires contribute to the 13th size, the pressure in which, incidentally, is prescribed to maintain the old fashioned way – at the level of 1.5-1.7 atmospheres. Another typical fineness of the past, yet slightly archaic to the late 1970s: during prolonged driving at a speed above 100 km / h it was necessary to increase the tire pressure by 0.3 atm …
Strictly speaking, this car is not old enough to write it in the real rarities. But how well he plays the role of a visual aid of the recent past! It is useful not only for automotive historians, but also for anyone who is accustomed to carefully treat the surrounding reality.