Supercars in the details: the track on the ground. Porsche 962 and its road version

1986 – Porsche 962

Such a long career in racing like a Porsche 962, there is probably none other racing car in the world. Built to participate in the racing series prototype Group C, in fact it was a formula car with closed body and wings. Initially, the series was built Porsche 956, established in 1982, and he spent several years in a row trashed the competition in the global competition. Work on the prototype it began in 1981. At the core of the structure 956 st – aluminum monocoque, which is attached to the outer panels of aluminum and composite materials. However, competitors are not asleep and created more and more new cars, to combat which needed upgrading.

In the photo: Porsche 956

Body new – 962 minutes – the model has an elongated rear portion and a more developed diffusers at the bottom, allows the use of a vacuum air under the car to pull it at high speeds to the roadbed, and paired with the proven boxer "turboshesterkoy" volume of 3.3 liters and power over 780 hp worked sequential semi-automatic transmission PDK. The cockpit was so close that the penetration of the convenience of the rider to the workplace had to install a removable steering wheel and roll-up doors guillotine. On racing straight Le Mans 962 can accelerate to speeds in excess of 380 km / h. Porsche has created every car literally "turn-key", and the wheel 956 and 962 traveled stars such as Ayrton Senna and Jean Alesi. This machine has brought worldwide fame race teams Kremer, Joest, Courage, some of them subsequently created and own sportprototipy. And, although a few years later the group was on the brink of destruction because of the imposed FISA rules, imposes new requirements for machinery engines, 962 th successfully continued to raid competitors in other championships – from the American IMSA series before the German Interserii.

In the photo: Porsche 962

Many riders began to refine the car for yourself and make a good car the best. Thus, an independent manufacturer of TC Prototypes led by rider John Thompson developed a new aluminum monocoque for the machine, which proved to be in demand by many teams because of its lower weight and greater rigidity. Kremer Brothers in the late 80's constructed his own version of the monocoque for the 962, already created from carbon fiber. But some went further, deciding that a good idea will turn into a racing car … road supercar.

1991 – Koenig C62

The tuning firm Koenig-Specials engaged heavily modified supercars, and among the most famous of its projects – in the spirit of the modified Lotec Ferrari Testarossa with a twin-turbo and 1,000-horsepower turbocharged Ferrari F50. In the early 90s the company Willy Koenig needed a show car, which could demonstrate its capabilities to interested customers from the Middle East. Oil Kings always consistently paid for exotic "not-so-near-neighbor." Willie rightly judged that the turbo Ferrari anyone really be surprised, and therefore need a car, which would be known for its speed and dynamics. The choice fell on Koenig Porsche 962. For the homologation as a road vehicle in the car needed to make some changes. To achieve an acceptable ground clearance and increase comfort had to install new springs and dampers. A redesigned front and rear optics, so was rebuilt a number of external body panels from carbon fiber. Place behind the driver took all the same Opposite "Six", which Willy Koenig supplied with two turbochargers Garrett. In addition, the engine is equipped with less "evil" reflash camshafts and ECU. As a result, the engine power is limited on a mark of 800 hp, while torque is perceived as more familiar to customers 5-step "mechanics» Getrag.

In the photo: Koenig C62

As a result, all the tricks the car weighs just 1100 kg "catapulted" from zero to "hundreds" in just 3.3 seconds, while top speed supercar reaches 378 km / h! Unfortunately, the experience of alteration racing car in a road car at Koenig was not, and he was able to sell only three C62 supercar cost more than a million DM each. In terms of comfort in the cabin Koenig was almost nothing that would meet the requirements of customers, moneybags. The interior was decorated with leather and carbon fiber, but the equipment in the machine is not included such creature comforts as air conditioning or windows.

1993 – Dauer 962 Le Mans

The idea of ​​Willie Koenig picked up another German entrepreneur. Johan Dower previously raced on the 962-m, decided to create their own vision of "domesticated" a racing car. Dower became famous in the German racing series as a gifted pilot: in the 70s, he became a leader in the Formula 3 and Formula 2. He predicted a place in the "Queen of motorsport '- Formula 1, but a serious accident in which he was with his friend, put on those planes cross. Johan got seriously injured his right hand and collarbone. Of course, the strongest overload in an F1 car could negate all the efforts of doctors and Dower had to find a new point of application of his talent.

In the photo: Dauer 962 Le Mans

For a long time he participated in the DTM touring car championship, and then came the German Interseriyu which case the will was behind the wheel of the Porsche 962. At the end of the 80s Johan started his own team Dauer Racing, which has been involved in racing marathons all on the same Porsche 962. However, after the close of the championship Group C at the beginning of the 90 cars were out of work. And Dower planned to remake two cars in the road supercars. The work was completed in six months, and at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 1993 were presented two cars under the black mark Dauer. Johan has managed to get an official homologation for public roads from the German TUV certification body and officially registered the brand "name themselves" for the production of mass-produced supercar. Both cars were almost immediately sold to wealthy clients from the East. At the same time head Dower born genius plan on advertising of its supercar – it is necessary to take part in the "Le Mans" in 1994. Yes, it turns out that the racing car has been converted into a road to be racing again! According to the rules of the competition rules have to release at least one, but a production car Gran Turismo class, which formally could be moved on public roads, and this requirement Johan has already performed at 200 percent. At the same time regulation "pulled the plug" almost all of the prototypes that eventually went into the hands of Dower.

In the photo: Dauer 962 Le Mans

Anticipating almost inevitable victory in the race, the company Porsche has decided to officially support the driver and took over the project manager role, under the constant supervision of people from Porsche held the construction of combat vehicles, tests and search for sponsors. The Porsche is no risk if Dower machines will fail – no word in the title «Porsche», and if you win – you can remember who gave the team victory motors. However, not only machines, but also the design itself is almost one hundred percent of repeating prototype trashed the competition in 80th. It happened in 1994. Dauer 962 successfully took the podium first and third places, the second went to Toyota, with its new prototype. All the laurels and achievements Johan modestly gave Porsche the company that recorded in their asset has 13 victory in the "Le Mans", and received by the firm itself carte blanche to production immediately 50 road cars.

In the photo: Dauer 962 Le Mans

There were funds that went to the final transformation of a racing prototype into a production vehicle. Novelty, in light of recent events is quite natural name Dauer 962 Le Mans, was a radically streamlined racing car. First Johan team has made a truly titanic work to increase the tiny cockpit supercar with an almost unchanged appearance of the machine. The roof has been raised by 80 mm, to increase the area of ​​the windshield and side pontoons baggy cut, to expand your seat. Interesting fact: all of the outstanding 962-s made only with the right wheel due to the fact that most of the turns on the track – right, and the pilot's easier to carry the load in the bends, so the machine Dower also exists only in right-hand drive versions. The design of the car has remained unchanged from the winner of "Le Mans" – aluminum monocoque with integrated steel safety cage and outer body panels are made from carbon fiber and Kevlar. Directly attached to the monocoque aluminum boxer turbo water-cooled 3.3-liter.

In the photo: Dauer 962 Le Mans

"Six" is equipped with two giant KKK K26 turbochargers and cooling for the engine and turbines used in a total of five radiators and intercoolers. The engine develops 730 hp, while the boost pressure of only 0.8 bar. By simply rotating the joystick, the driver can increase the pressure to 1.3 bar, and then the engine develops 903 hp already, however, the engine life will be counted only a few thousand kilometers, and cope with the machine will matter quite difficult on a wet surface. Torque of 700 Nm is transmitted through a racing sequential 5-speed "mechanics» PDK, which had to adapt to the road car, with the result that the light appeared synchronized gearbox, which could handle any rich and pampered customer. For convenience, the last gear shifting is done via buttons on the steering wheel; thus Dauer is the world's first production car with this mechanism. To cope with the torque box helps limited-slip differential in the rear axle. By TUV test results, 730-hp car accelerates from zero to "hundreds" in just 2.8 seconds and top speed of the car reached … 402 km / h!

In the photo: Dauer 962 Le Mans

And in 2001 he agreed to Dower dosborke the last game Bugatti EB110, but that's another story.

1994 – Schuppan Porsche 962CR

Looking at the success of Dower in the transformation of racing cars in the road, an Australian Vern Shuppan, who won the 1983 competition "24 Hours of Le Mans" in a Porsche 956, he decided to try his luck in creating their own version of the Porsche 962. The serial supercar, presented in 1994 at the Paris Motor Show, the Australian spent his own victory in the "Le Mans". Unlike the works of Koenig and Dower, design supercar Verne was very different from its progenitor. So, the headlights have been borrowed from the Porsche 928, and the rear – at 959-th model. Index «CR» in the model name stands simply – «City Racing». At the heart of their offspring Verne, unlike its competitors, used a monocoque carbon fiber, simultaneously adding the external panels of Kevlar and carbon fiber of the same. By monocoque attached all the same 6-cylinder boxer engine of 3.3 liters, fitted with two compact turbochargers KKK K24 and mechanical fuel injection Bosch, together with the settings enabled him to develop 600 hp and 650 Nm of torque. Compared with wild-700- and 800-horsepower monsters Koenig and Dower brainchild Shuppana was more "modest" characteristics, which, however, were still on a par with its closest competitors – supercars McLaren F1 or the Bugatti EB110. The pair worked with him, 5-speed manual transmission on the Porsche 911 Turbo.

In the photo: Schuppan Porsche 962CR

Weighing in at 1050 kg car accelerates from zero to "hundreds" in just 3.5 seconds and a top speed reaches 370 km / h. While Koenig and Dower machines were uncompromising fireballs for public roads, Verne created a comfortable supercar, which in this case could give its owner a lot of thrills. The car was equipped with leather interior trimmed with aluminum and Kevlar, power windows, air conditioning and high-end audio system. All the cars were going in the Italian Modena, where the racing Modena Wycombe factory under the guidance of Verne Shuppana built just five supercars at the cost of more than $ 2 million each. Customers willing to buy a supercar for such unimaginable money, almost was not, as Verne himself in the construction of their offspring negotiated a loan from Japanese investors. Subsequently, the two cars the Japanese took over the debts, but most Shuppanu also handed a lawsuit against the company for Porsche that used label mark without authorization in its latest alterations. The story of creation Schuppan supercar ended.

Interesting Facts

The list of victories Porsche 962 – 7 titles marathon "24 hours of Le Mans", 5 wins in a marathon "24 Hours of Daytona" and 4 – in the "12 Hours of Sebring." In addition, the Porsche team – four-time world champion in the racing sport prototypes S. Groups

In the center of the Porsche emblem – the emblem of the city of Stuttgart, which is the firm's headquarters. The city was founded on the site of stud farm, so its present emblem horse. Horn and stripes of black and red colors are borrowed from the coat of arms of the Duchy of Württemberg.

Sultan of Brunei, a big fan of rare cars, five cars were ordered Dauer 962 Le Mans, two Schuppan 962CR and one Koenig C62.

What's the trick road versions Porsche 962?

Multiple winner of racing competitions, later turned into a traffic pattern through the efforts of three independent producers.

Dauer 962 – one of the fastest cars in the world, it is the first time exceeded the maximum line speed of 400 km / h.

Over the years, the production of the three firms a total of no more than 20 road supercars were produced, making them one of the rarest in the world.

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