I do not like? Do it better!
But it all started much earlier. In the early sixties, the owner of several factories for the production of tractors Ferruccio Lamborghini himself expressed Enzo Ferrari substantiated claim concerning the work of adhesion on one of its vehicles, namely Ferrari 250GT. Commendatore with all sorts of upstarts ceremony did not like themselves, and advised the lord Lamborghini tractors continue to engage and not to go with their problems to the creator of the fastest cars at the time. "Challenge accepted," – Ferruccio scratched turnip and in 1963 founded Automobili Lamborghini SpA, in the walls of which planned to implement his idea of what should be the dream car.
Lamborghini Miura P400 Prototipo '1966
Lamborghini itself is very cool attitude to motorsport, and, as a consequence, he was interested in racing technology is not enough. The first model of the company – 350GT and its subsequent incarnation 400GT reference were representatives of the class of Gran Turismo. But in November 1964 he was shown the original support structure, welded from lightweight profiles. Work on this project was carried out in secret by Ferruccio engineers Gianpaolo Dallara and Paolo Mtantsani with the active support of the regular test driver Bob Wallace Lamborghini. The presentation was for the head of a pleasant surprise, he rather quickly revised his opinion, and in 1965 at the motor show was on display in Turin promising supercar chassis.
Supercar chassis at the Turin Motor Show
It is important to note that, despite the fact that the prototype P400 index has actually become the first built for the public road sports car with a mid-engine, such a scheme was not new to motor sport. Porsche 550 Spyder, the Ford GT40 and the De Tomaso Vallelunga saw the light until the P400, but if the 550 Spyder and GT40 are designed primarily for racing, the Vallelunga with a small four-cylinder engine to the general rate had little to do. Therefore, after the exhibition in Turin, most experts agreed, which was presented that the "skeleton" is a harbinger of a racing car. The chassis is a steel monocoque, to which were attached the front and rear sub-frame two, and the engine, designed by Giotto Bizzarrini-known engineer, he had a total gearbox lubrication system and has been mounted transversely in front of the rear axle for a more successful weight distribution and space saving.
Lamborghini Miura P400 Prototipo '1966
The success and once again a success
Named after the Spanish farmer Eduardo Miura, famous for magnificent bulls, which he specially bred for bullfighting, the Miura made a serious splash at the Geneva Motor Show 1966. Twenty-five studio Bertone designer Marcello Gandini created an incredibly attractive, charismatic and swift silhouette. The smooth contours of the squat body look the most complete and concise, perfectly transmitting at the same time, the predatory character of the car, which is the best read is true Italian approach to building supercars. Why are only the framed functional and stylish "cilia" air duct lights that were turned off in the same plane with the hood. And do not care that they were in fact borrowed from the budget Fiat 850 Spider – here they look simply stunning.
1966-69 Bertone Lamborghini Miura P400 Cutaway-2
Thanks vysokooborotisty verhnevalnomu V12 350 hp and a mass of 1270 kg, Miura immediately became the fastest production car of its time. And if today the ceiling of 270 km / h and higher by six seconds to the first hundred is difficult to surprise someone, somewhere in the middle of the sixties, these figures forced to bite your elbows the most famous masters of the automotive industry, including most of Enzo Ferrari, who, being a character wayward, to the last refused to recognize that the future of sports cars in the segment of the road for a mid-layout. By the way, the power plant Lamborghini Miura developed 50 "horses" more than the flagship office of Maranello – Ferrari 275GTB.
Lamborghini Miura P400 1966-1969
A notable feature of the 350-horsepower engine Bizzarrini design was that after stopping the car and reduce speed to idle fuel pump continued for some time to refill petrol four Weber carburetors. Thus, trample the right pedal to the floor, the driver was always confident as fast engine response and, as a consequence, a confident acceleration from a place without any delay.
After the premiere of the first surfaced and design flaws. Not only that, at high speeds the engine noise made completely impossible conversation between the driver and passenger, and the air in the cabin warmed so that the long trip to the Miura immediately falls into the category of entertainment below average. The pedals, including the throttle was too tight, but in order to roll a five-speed gearbox lever, required to make a lot of effort – affects the removal of controls on the transverse-mounted engine. Admit it, questionable competitive advantage, given that the new Miura was worth the four Jaguar E-type.
Lamborghini Miura P400 1966-1969
But do not forget that the ability to drown on the highway at a speed of 300 km / h in a chair with a massage with your favorite soundtrack, which flows from two dozen speakers, scattered on dorogushchie salon, appeared at wealthy thrill-seekers decades later. A question we are talking about the mid-sixties, when The Beatles were at the height of his fame, gasoline cost a penny, and flared pants and LSD were all the rage. At the time, adrenaline junkies with thick wallets are quite willing to sacrifice sound insulation, ergonomics and comfort for the sake of speed. Unheard dynamic performance justifies all the design flaws of fresh Lamborghini and all sorts of hardships endured by the driver share, so order books filled quickly enough. In the first year of their owners found 108 supercars, and all were released 275 copies of the P400 series from 1966 to 1969.
Development of a model …
Lamborghini Miura P400 S '1969-71. Please note – the speedometer marked up to 40 km / h
In 1968, at the Turin Motor Show in the public presented the first work on the bugs – P400 S. audits undergone the engine, chassis and exterior models. For example, a modified design of cylinder heads, camshafts, new and improved intake manifold with larger capacity given the increase in 20 hp at 7700 rev / min. It has undergone minor changes rear suspension, which has a positive impact on the stability of the car at high speeds. For an additional eight hundred dollars the customer can order power windows and air conditioning, in the context located directly behind the driver and passenger twelve-heater was not an option worthless. Anyway, even after the elimination of many of the disadvantages called the Miura S comfortable in the conventional sense of the word language is not rotated. As graceful roofline began a smooth descent directly from the top edge of the windshield, the space almost no choice over his head. Tall drivers instinctively moved the seat forward, but then there were difficulties with the placement of the feet. The problem with the engine noise also remains unsolved, but many fans of the brand was considered that in this and concluded the whole raisins.
Lamborghini Miura P400 SV '1971-72
The latest, most popular and most advanced generation of technically became P400 SV. The car looks different from their predecessors more prominent rear wing, front grille increased size and lack of moving branded "cilia" around headlamps. The mechanical part has undergone many changes again: the engine was increased diameter intake valves (although this fact is reflected only in the manual for the owner and, in fact, is a misprint), new camshafts and improved carburetors, which added to the herd under the hood fifteen goals. But due to the modernization of the front and rear parts of the supporting structure has increased its rigidity, which has a positive impact on the already excellent handling.
… And its sunset
The outbreak in Italy in the early seventies, the economic crisis is not the best way affected the production of supercars and business Ferruccio Lamborghini as a whole. He had to sell his third on the peninsula Appenninskom terms of production tractor factory, and then by 51 percent of automobile production. The new owner of the company – Swiss businessman Henry George Rosetti – will soon put an end to the Lamborghini Miura SV. Last P400 SV black with white leather interior left the assembly hall January 15, 1973. In just eight years we have seen the light vehicle 764.
In addition to standard Miura it was released a few modifications that never went to series, including the ultimate racing shell P400 Jota, created under the guidance of Bob Wallace, as well as the conceptual and the Roadster Miura Miura P400 SVJ Spider, built in a single copy. And this is a whole different story, which we ever will definitely return.
Lamborghini Miura Roadster 'in 1968, Lamborghini Miura P400 Jota' and 1970 Lamborghini Miura SVJ Spider (4808) 'in 1981, issued in a single copy
Morality? It will not
Today, mid-engined supercars are something absolutely logical, understandable and familiar. Across the world's largest automakers and small firms producing in the year, several dozen cars, adhere to such a scheme is that for half a century, has established itself as the most optimal from the technological point of view. This historical sketch, I just wanted to remind about where originate tens of today's fast road cars in the world, which will never cease to disturb the hearts of all those for whom the car – this is not a means of transportation and not even the luxury, and more.
Ferruccio Lamborghini Miura and