English Lotus Seven sports car can rightly be considered a legend. Built by the legendary Colin Chapman, the nimble roadster is considered the epitome of the Lotus philosophy of the low curb weight and simplicity.
For the first time Lotus Seven was presented to the public in 1957 and pozitsionirirovalsya as a cheap sports car for use in club racing. Most of the cars sold as an assembly kit that happy owner collected in his garage. Interesting fact: this set is not taxable if it is not applied to the assembly instructions, so the car was attached instructions for dismantling, which is necessary to read the last page.
1978 Company founded Donkervoort Automobielen BV
In 1973, tax incentives for assembly kits have been abolished, and the car has earned the respect of riders and fans of fast driving, was taken out of production. Chapman focused on the development of new cars, and the rights to manufacture conveyed to interested firms. Start production of "Seven" and Dutch engineer decided Joop Donkervoort (Joop Donkervoort). In 1978 he created the company "named after himself", adding the letters BV, which indicate the type of ownership with limited liability in the Netherlands, by analogy with the American Ltd or our company.
1978 Donkervoort S7
small batches produced replica Lotus Seven, which was named Donkervoort S7 (Super 7) From 1978 to 1984 the company. A copy almost indistinguishable from the original: a tubular steel frame, aluminum exterior body panels, front independent suspension, rear – a continuous bridge. A significant difference was the engine – under the hood of the car settled down 90 horsepower carbureted nizhnevalny 4-cylinder engine from the Ford Capri. From the same model borrowed and 4-speed manual transmission and rear axle shared Ford Escort. The maximum speed reached 180 km / h. Only 30 copies of the S7 was released for production years.
1985 Donkervoort S8
In 1985, the company introduced a new car, which refers to S8 (Super 8). The figure 8 in its name the car was no accident, "eight" is significantly different from previous models of the company. Design of the car has been thoroughly revised, however, the characteristics of the legendary Lotus remained – paraded the front suspension arms, tubular frame with light external panels and rear beam axle.
The new car was wider and longer than its predecessor, it is better to manage. Under the long hood is located a 2-liter Ford engine 110 hp Much attention is paid to the safety car – there were two gas tank, separate drive brake circuits.
In 1986 the car was subjected to modernization, which is reflected in the index. S8A got a new suspension and a five-speed gearbox. In addition, a slightly changed its design. In accordance with the new environmental requirements model was the catalyst through which the engine was "strangled" by 10 hp
In 1986, a new model S8 AT, engine turbocharger Garett which cheered and strengthened connecting rods, pistons and crankshaft from Cosworth. Power two-liter engine has increased to 170 forces, which makes it easy, weighing 925 kilograms, the roadster to accelerate to a speed of 230 km / h. Total from 1985 to 1994 released 70 copies S8 model.
1988 Donkervoort D10
In 1988, in honor of its 10th anniversary, the firm creates a super-light roadster Donkervoort D10. Maximum lightweight roadster had even the windshield! 190-hp engine Ford accelerates up to a hundred in 4.8 seconds. Only 10 copies were produced.
1994 Donkervoort D8
C 1994 S8 replaced by a new model of the company, which received the name D8. Design of the car was modernized for the sake of aerodynamics. Under the hood, the new Roadster is a modern 2-liter vpryskovyh 4-cylinder engine of the Ford line of Zetes. The buyer can choose 140- or 160-hp version of the engine. For those who had little strength 160, offers a "pumped" by Cosworth engine option capacity of 220 or 280 hp, depending on the settings. With the latest car weighing 800 kg was able to accelerate to 100 km / h in just 4.8 seconds.
At the heart of car design – a tubular aluminum frame and exterior panels made of composite materials. The car has received a new braking system with rear disc brakes and otherwise tuned suspension.
In 1997, Donkervoort signed a cooperation agreement with Audi. Instead of 2-liter Ford Zetec under the hood there is a 1.8-liter turbocharged inline "four", also puts on the Audi TT. Depending on the settings, it developed capacity from 140 to 280 hp
The advantage of the new engine has a compact and low weight. The car's weight down to 630 kilograms. With a 280-horsepower engine D8 can accelerate to 240 km / h and acceleration to "hundreds" of no more than 5 seconds. In 2003, in honor of the 25th anniversary of the company will present a prototype of an experienced Donkervoort J25 with 280-horsepower engine. Ideas, worked on this concept will form the basis of new models of the brand.
1999 Donkervoort D20
Donkervoort D20 was racing version D8. To improve vehicle weight distribution power unit has been displaced back. The familiar "turbochetverka» Audi developed 280 hp, and the car was the most relieved. Powerful roll cage was installed in order to improve safety. Suspension and braking system have also been strengthened to increase endurance at high loads.
2004 Donkervoort D8 RS 270
In honor of the victory in the marathon "24 Hours Nürburgring," the company has released a limited batch of roadsters D8 270 RS. Under the hood – the same boosted to 270 hp 1.8-liter Audi. 25 of these cars were produced.
2005 Donkervoort D8 GT
In 2005 the company introduced a new sports car D8 GT, which was the first car brand with a rigid roof. Apart from him, and it offered a roadster. The car is a deep modernization of the predecessor.
In accordance with the latest trends of model has the engine with direct-injection 1.8 TFSI with power from 160 to 270 hp, depending on the version.
To improve vehicle controllability gauge was extended to 8 centimeters of the front and 4 – behind. Refinement and subjected to wheel suspension. Especially for this model have been developed adjustable hydraulic shock absorbers that allow you to adjust the height and stiffness depending on the selected settings.
And significantly improved the aerodynamics of the car. To increase the downforce the car lengthened by 30 centimeters. As a result, all the tricks of the car weight does not exceed 650 kilograms. Its top speed – 250 km / h and 0-100 km / h reduced to 3.9 seconds. The price of a new car – 75 000 euros.
In 2011, the Donkervoort D8 GT won the 24-hour race in Dubai, and in honor of the winning company was released model Donkervoort D8 270 E 24H edition 2011. Produced 10 copies at a price of 95 thousand euros each.
2012 Donkervoort D8 GTO
In 2012, a modernized version of GT model was presented at the Geneva Motor Show by Donkervoort. Under the hood – a 2.5-liter 5-cylinder turbo engine from the Audi TT-RS power of 340 hp and 450 Nm of torque. With him sagregatirovana five-step "mechanics" and. Weight increased by only 50 kilograms. The front suspension received new levers, more efficient brakes were installed. Step up to the rating "hundreds" did not exceed 3 seconds! Maximum speed – 255 km / h. The first batch of 25 vehicles was sent to customers by the end of 2012. car prices exceeded 100 000 euros.
But this is not the limit! In 2014, the company opens its division in Germany Donkervoort Automobielen GmbH.
The base was chosen a modern race track Blister Berg. It was opened in 2013 and is considered one of the most challenging tracks in Germany. As a result, a number of improvements D8 GTO set the lap record at this track. After that, the company announced the release of a limited 14 copies of the party machine, called D8 GTO Bilster Berg Edition. Turbo engine boosted to 375 hp and 475 Nm of torque, which is even larger than on the top-end version of the Audi TT-RS Plus, where the same engine produces 360 hp
Link using a five-step mechanics is transmitted to the rear axle via a limited slip differential Torsen. With these units 700-pound roadster catapulted from zero to 100 km / h in just 2.8 seconds and a maximum speed exceeds 260 km / h. The car price is 150 000 euro.
In 2014 came a new generation Audi TT c engine 2.0 TFSI, developed to a quite good for such a volume of 310 forces in version TTS. Does this mean that soon there will be a two-liter Donkervoort? Anything can happen.
- Donkervoort Cars designed under the motto "No Compromise": they do not have any supporting electronic devices, simplifying the life of the driver. There is not even the power steering, not to mention ABS, ESP and other electronic helpers. The motto, by the way, remains so today.
- The company logo represents the wings, symbolizing the ease of car brands, which are located inside the seal, inscribed in its creator's name.
- Since 2008, the company participates in GT4 racing series in SportLight class. On account of the team many victories in racing marathons in its class, including such as "24 Hours Nürburgring" and "24 Hours of Dubai."
- Despite the fact that different cars Donkervoort participate in racing races and take first place in the list of the fastest cars on many race tracks, the company virtually unknown outside of Holland and Germany. Donkervoort company products similar to the Caterham cars, but, unlike him, is not a direct copy of the Lotus Seven car, which became the first of these companies own car.
In the photo: Donkervoort D8
brand car production Donkervoort
At the beginning of the way the company was located in a small shed in the backyard of the house Joop Donkervoorta in a small town Tienhoven. In 1985 he moved to Loosdrecht, and in 2000 the company has built itself a new building in the town of Lelystad, where it is located today.
Every year, a small plant in Lelystad produces 50 cars, and each one is hand-assembled. Since the company does not manufacture its own units, a large number of components and assemblies are purchased from other producers. Among the company's suppliers have Donkervoort Audi (engines and transmissions), Bilstein and Koni (suspension components), AP Racing (brake system).
What is the "trick» Donkervoort?
- Dutch manufacturer retrosuperkarov based on the Lotus 7 of the legendary sports car.
- Performance Acceleration current models put it on par with other supercars of the world.
- Engines and transmissions Audi, modified specifically for Donkervoort.
- One of the fastest cars in the world, on account of his lap record on several well-known tracks (for example, the German race track Blister Berg).
In the photo: Lotus Seven
How much is the pre-owned Donkervoort?
In the photo: Donkervoort D8
In the photo: Donkervoort D8