At the same in the time of the first-born in the pipeline – the model VAZ-2101, autoenterprise young professionals understand that to successfully enter the world market simply modernized successor Fiat-124 will not be enough. By the time all over the world, and at the “Fiat” does gaining momentum wheel drive, work on which began almost immediately after the production of “penny” has been established.
Question on “luxury” model VAZ-2103 has also been solved, and in 1973 began serial production “treshek”, and a year later at the WHA slightly modernized the first model by removing some elements of external decoration and modifying the interior. The car in addition a more powerful 1.3-liter engine.
Nevertheless, it was still the same, “Kopeika”, albeit with cosmetic modifications. Objectively, this machine had already clearly beginning to become outdated – by chance because he Fiat in 1974, has ceased production of the model 124.
But in Minavtoproma had big plans for the export of Lada – primarily to foreign exchange earnings. It became obvious that not old even by Soviet standards VAZ first models require more prominent and substantial modernization – as it is now would call restyling. In the West, the fashion included angular design, typical of many cars start “seventies”: we can recall His Majesty the VW Golf Mk 1, or the latest at the time Fiat 131, which in 1974 has become a production car.
And I must admit, “modernized”, “Kopeika” in a VAZ-21011 on the background looked archaic – as, indeed, and “luxe” third model with its numerous chromed strips moldings. Design of new European cars became more concise, “cleaner” – the explicit and non-functional decor refused in favor of a plane-parallel surfaces with a pronounced slope and the selected volume.
Modernization Lada third model pursued another goal – reducing the cost of production, as for the manufacture of the same grille used expensive zinc alloy. And other chrome parts rose plant “a lot of money.”
In 1975, under the auspices of the State Committee on Science and Technology of the USSR Soviet car factory and the company Porsche signed a cooperation agreement for three years with a total budget of 1.5 million DM. In fact, it was the “zeroing” to work on the project Gamma, better known as VAZ-2108. Under the agreement, the specialists of the engineering department in conjunction with the Porsche vazovtsami developed and made the engine running on lean fuel mixture, Niva with the outer body panels of aluminum alloy and the layout of the modernized classics that at the suggestion of the Germans should have come to replace the “three rubles.”
However, lacking molding machine looked like something “in the Orphan,” and at the WHA at that time was completely ready to “six” – the further development of the third model. That is why the Soviet side renounced variant of restyling the Porsche, which was not as advanced conventional Zhiguli, as would have been more expensive in view of the costs to run a car in the series.
Not taking the German version, at the WHA while actively engaged in their own version of deep restyling Lada – the fifth model. After all, she had to eventually be replaced by a conveyor VAZ-21011.
For obvious reasons, and at the WHA, and a Porsche for modernization did not touch seriously the power structure of the body.
But if the Germans were limited to only work on the front and back, Togliatti Designers understood that the forms of faceplates require radical modification – of course, as far as possible taking into account the preservation of the “internal”.
In fact, in only one vazovtsev it was “taboo” – stamp of the roof, set all the basic parameters and the architecture of the body – the size of window and door openings, the distance between the posts, etc.
Keeping a constant central portion of the body Lada, in the framework of the work on the “five” the designers pretty seriously upgraded front and rear, not only pursuing aesthetic problem, but also seeking to improve passive safety.
Being cramped in some areas, at the WHA nonetheless seriously wanted to modernize Lada, obviously focusing on the new Fiats as a “reference point”. That is why the width of the top of the wing and door filёnok was reduced, and forms themselves – become more angular, in the spirit of the latest automotive fashion trends.
Large one-piece optics – one of the most notable differences between the VAZ-2105 from previous models VAZ
Of course, naive round headlights were to give way to the modern rectangular optics – the so-called block headlights at the front and combined into a single element rear lights with printed circuit boards. Yes, and the narrow strip of chrome bumpers will not fit into the new look of the car – as an option, considered from duralumin alloy parts (such as the newly developed Niva) or plastic, which was subsequently implemented both on the front-wheel “eight”, and on the top rear-wheel drive model series – VAZ-2107.
Juicy innovation: the history of the Lada Kalina
With a touch of old New Back in the early ’90s at the WHA commissioned AVVA group project “people’s car” was performed under the symbol 1116 … but collected through the sale of shares of money to run a car …
We must pay tribute VAZ designers: “five” looked much more harmonious, more strictly, fresher and more modern, not only the old Lada, and variants of the Porsche. However, not a single appearance: in the work of the VAZ-2105 VAZ mastered for the first time a number of technological innovations. This lens unit, and one-piece rear lamps with printed circuit boards instead of conventional ammunition, and a mounting block in which the fuses have been merged into one body with the power switch, and bumpers with energy-absorbing brackets, and tselnoformovannye roof lining and door, and stuffing the seats of polyurethane instead of coconut feathered …
Another important innovation – ploskozubchaty timing belt instead of the classic two-lane circuit. Such modernization drive timing has been associated with generally accepted trends in the world to reduce the noise from the engine, which could be achieved only by abandoning the conventional circuit, publishing in any case, the characteristic rustling. As a team of Soviet, German and Italian experts (WHA, Porsche and UTS, respectively) actively worked on the engine VAZ-2108, which (of course!) Crankshaft and camshafts cited is a belt rather than a chain, “the same time”, such a mechanism has been adapted and the engine VAZ-21011, which after modernization index was 2105. in general, cooperation with VAZ Porsche handy and updated as part of the development of a family of Lada.
Interestingly, in the “pyaterochnom” engine designers have provided special recess in the bottom of the pistons, excluded the appointment of valves and pistons in the case of belt breakage, while the 1.3-liter engine VAZ-2108 at the insistence of the Germans turned “vtykovym”, that is, the destruction belt led to the accidental damage piston and camshaft.
The ancestor that was not why the history of the 1.8-liter engine VAZ longer than it seems
Forgotten Past The farther we moved in this detailed review, the more awakened sense of deja vu: something very similar which has already occurred. And it’s true, at the WHA once …
Rectify the situation the Soviet experts managed only to “poltorashka” – the engine VAZ-21083 1.5-liter, where due to the increased from 76 mm to 82 mm in diameter in the bottom of the cylinder pistons could provide recesses while maintaining the calculated compression ratio and the optimal shape of the combustion chamber.
Another “inomarochnaya innovation” – the elimination of the crank. By the time this rudiment has long been consigned to history on cars of foreign manufacture. On front-wheel VAZ-2108 for obvious reasons “curve starter” could not – not right in the spar insert it! And the modernization of “eleventh” Engine designers have decided to abolish the ratchet, giving up the possibility of cranking manually using the crank. It is interesting that the Germans on their prototype restyling VAZ-2103, as well as designers of “five”, also “forgot” to provide an opening for the “curve starter.”
Interior serial VAZ-2105 was not as spectacular as the prototype of the Porsche, but it was an important fine-tuning based on passive safety requirements. That is why “five” lost vent, and another in the front doors reinforcing bars were provided constructive. It is interesting that it is the first VAZ-2105 cars on Togliatti perfected the technology of manufacturing large plastic interior panels – the so-called tselnoformovannyh. Subsequently, it is almost without changes and used for the production of “vosmerochnogo” salon.
On the navigation layout of the Porsche manufactured in a single copy noteworthy massive exterior mirror. In the “five” also appeared absolutely original mirror – elegant in appearance, but with the adjustment on the part of the cabin, which was made possible thanks to the continuous sliding window and a small triangle, through which just missed the adjustment lever.
However, the Germans are still “attached” to the design of the VAZ-2105: in order to maintain demand for this model in the mid-eighties of the XX century German Deutsche Lada released a modification of Lada Nova Spezial – in fact, the usual “five” with an aerodynamic body kit on the perimeter of the body, which significantly transformed the appearance of conventional Zhiguli.
“Five” was prepared for the role-model of longevity – the last of the Mohicans, rear-wheel drive family. Getting up on the conveyor belt in the “Olympic” 1980, she has held in a series of three decades in a row – right up to 2010, and its “sister” model 2107 produced even longer – until 2012 th, but the same thirty conveyor years in total that and “five”. In many ways, so long fifth-seventh edition of the families of vehicles has been associated with exactly those modifications that are able to realize even in the framework of the work on the base model 2105.
And let the option from Porsche for obvious reasons in the series “five” guessed weakly active cooperation with the Germans on the “eight” does not fail to affect and modernized “classics” – not in the form of concrete decisions, and in general engineering.
The prototype of the classic Porsshe this:
- Fiat 124 that is done, it still remains to them 41% in 13021302 41%41% of all votes
- Clumsy attempt to improve the Lada 41%, in 12931293 41%41% of all votes
- A great option, it is a pity that he did not choose 19%, 592592 19%19% of all votes